Fleet Vehicle Types Explained

Explore and learn the different types of fleet vehicles.


Fleet vehicles are those that form part of a company’s overall transportation program and are used for business purposes. This type of vehicle selection can become complex due to the many types of fleet vehicles available, each with different capabilities and purposes. It’s important for fleet managers and business owners to understand the different types of fleet vehicles, so that they can choose the ones which best suit their needs. This document will provide a comprehensive overview of the various types of fleet vehicles and discuss their respective advantages and drawbacks.

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Classification of Fleet Vehicles

Defining fleet vehicles is not as simple as it sounds, as there is a broad range of such vehicles available. The most common categories are passenger cars, light commercial vehicles, heavy commercial vehicles and specialist vehicles.

Passenger Cars

Passenger cars are a very common type of fleet vehicle, and they consist of small family cars that have been adapted for use in fleets. They are typically powered by petrol or diesel engines, and they are designed to be affordable and practical for everyday use. Fleet operators prefer passenger cars because they are relatively inexpensive to operate and maintain, as well as being efficient and reliable.


There are several advantages to using passenger car as part of a business’s transport strategy:
• They are easy to find and purchase.
• They are practical and economical to maintain and operate.
• They offer comfort and convenience for staff using them.
• They have lower running costs than heavier vehicles.
• They can be easily adapted with special features such as tracking systems or additional storage space.

• They may not be suited for larger loads since they are typically limited in weight capacity.
• They may not be able to accommodate large fleets since they only have a limited amount of space.
• Due to their low engine power, they may struggle to cope with steep inclines or long hauls.
• They can be more expensive to insure due to their higher potential for accidents.

Light Commercial Vehicles (LCVs)
Light commercial vehicles (LCVs) are typically referred to as vans or pickup trucks and provide businesses with a range of transport solutions for smaller loads. They usually have a box body on the back which can be accessed from the back doors, allowing easy access for loading and unloading goods or equipment. They are typically powered by either petrol or diesel engines, with the majority being diesel for increased fuel efficiency.

• Vans and pickups offer increased storage capacity compared to passenger vehicles.
• They are suitable for carrying large amounts of goods or equipment in one trip.
• They can often be customized with features such as a tailgate lift, ladder racks or refrigeration units.
• The box body on the back makes loading and unloading much easier than with a passenger car.
• They offer better fuel economy when compared to heavier vehicles.
• They have improved safety features such as ABS brakes and air bags.

• The box body on the back can add drag which reduces fuel efficiency at higher speeds.
• The extra weight of the box body increases wear and tear on tires and suspension components.
• LCVs may not be able to carry heavier loads due to their limited payload capacity.
• Using an LCV as part of an employee vehicle scheme may not be as cost-effective as using a car due to its higher fuel consumption per mile.

Heavy Commercial Vehicles (HCVs)
Heavy commercial vehicles (HCVs) are larger than LCVs, providing businesses with increased load capacities for transporting heavier goods or machinery across longer distances. HCVs range in size from rigid trucks to articulated lorries and come in both petrol and diesel variants. They typically feature a cab at the front with a cargo area at the back, which is accessible via side doors or a tailgate lift. HCVs also have features such as cruise control, park assist, ABS brakes and air bags for improved safety while on the road.

• The increased size provides businesses with increased load capacity compared to LCVs.

• HCVs offer higher engine power which enables them to cope better with steep inclines or long hauls compared to other types of fleet vehicles.
• The extra space in the cargo area allows for better organization of goods or equipment during transport.
• The additional safety features help reduce risks when travelling long distances in inclement weather conditions or through congested areas.
• HCVs generally require less maintenance compared to other types of fleet vehicles due to their larger size and increased durability.

• Due to their higher running costs, HCVs can be expensive to operate compared to other types of fleet vehicles. • The large size makes maneuvering and parking more difficult compared to smaller vehicles such as LCVs or cars. • The weight of HCVs can increase wear and tear on roads over time, meaning more frequent repairs to be carried out by road authorities or businesses who own fleets of HCVs. • The extra weight also increases fuel consumption per mile, meaning it can cost more to run these types of vehicles over other types of fleet vehicles.

Specialist Vehicles Specialist vehicles are high-performance models which serve specific purposes within a company’s transport program. Examples include emergency response vehicles such as ambulances, fire engines or police cars; industrial vehicles such as forklifts or excavators; military-grade off-road vehicles; luxury limousines; agricultural machinery; and delivery vans or trucks tailored for long trips over remote terrain such as mountain ranges, deserts or ice fields. These types of vehicles often require additional training for employees operating them in order for them to operate safely and legally on public roads and highways.

• Specialist vehicles enable businesses to respond rapidly in emergency situations or access remote locations without needing it escort service due tot eh specialized features they possess such as 4×4 capabilities, off-road tires, additional lighting etc.… • The enhanced performance features enable businesses to tackle any kind of terrain with ease, meaning departments like engineering utilities don’t ever have turn away work due to inaccessible locations. • The higher build quality often found in specialist vehicles means that they will last longer before needing replacing compared with other types of fleet vehicle, thus saving money in the long run even if the initial purchase price is higher than average. • With the correct training, specialist vehicles can easily be operated on public roads in accordance with all safety regulations and laws, meaning that businesses don’t need to worry about employing staff who aren’t qualified to do so when operating such equipment off-road in remote areas.

Disadvantages • Specialist vehicles require higher levels of maintenance due to their enhanced performance features which often necessitate complex repair work being carried out by specialist mechanics which adds significantly tow the running costs associated with these types of vehicle. • Buying these types oft vehicle will often require special approvals from governing bodies ensuring that they are fit four purpose when used on public highways or urban centers making the acquisition process time-consuming and complex unless a good relationship has been established between businesses and governing bodies prior to purchase being made • The enhanced performance features make these type oft vehicle appear appealing target for thieves due too he fact that they possess valuable components which can easily be taken out if stolen Which could mean significant losses for owners if safety is not sufficiently addressed beforehand Conclusion The simple answer is that there is no one-size-fits-all solution when it comes tow selecting fleet vehicles – it’s important for businesses to properly select the type that best fits their specific needs based on factors such as size, payload capacity, terrain, engine power end cost efficiency . Hopefully this document has provided some useful information regarding the different types oft vehicles available tow make this process easier.(2900)